List of Relevant References

Richardson M. Assessment of mercury exposure and risks from dental amalgam. Final report Medical Devices Bureau, Environmental Health Directorate Health Canada

Hahn U, Kloiber R ,Leininger RW, Vimy MJ, Loracheider FL Dental Silver fillings: a source of mercury exposure revealed by wholebody imagescan and tissue analysis FASEB J~ 3: 2641-2646; 1989

JADA Workshop on biocompatibility of metals in dentistry July 1984

Vimy.M.J., Lorscheider.F.L lntraoral Air Mercury Released from Dental Amalgam J.DentRes. 64 pp 1069-10711985

Svare. C.W, et al. The effect of dental amalgams on mercury levels in expired air. J.DentRes. 60: pp1668-1671 1981

Svare.C.W, and Peterson.L.C. The effect of removing dental amalgams on mercury blood levels. IADR Abstracts no.896 1984

Emler.M.C. An Assessment of Mercury in Mouth Air. J.Dent.Res. 64 Abstract #652 pp 247 1985

Gay.D.D, and Cox.R.D, Reinharct.J.W. Letter, Chewing releases mercury from fillings. Lancet 1: 8123: 985-986 1979

Pafterson.J.E., et al Mercury in human breath from Dental Amalgams. Bull. Envi. Contam. Toxicol 34 pp 459468 1985

Moller.B. Reaction of the human dental pulp to silver amalgam restorations. Swedish Dent JnI 2: 93-97 1978

Freden.H, Hellden.L, Milleding.P. Mercury Content in gingival tissues adjacent to amalgam fillings. Odont. Rev. 25: 207-210 1974

Till.T, and Maly.K. Zum Nachweis Der Lyse Von Hg Aus Silberamalgam Von Zahnfullungen

Schiele et al. Studies on the mercury content in brain and kidney related to number and condition of amalgam fillings. Presented at a symposium in Cologne in March 1984 and reported in Bi~Probe. 1:3 Dec 1984

Hahn U, '(loiber R ,Leininger RW, Vimy MJ, Lorscheider FL Dental Silver fillings: a source of mercury exposure revealed by whol~body imagescan and tissue analysis FASEB J. 3: 2641-2646:1989

Hahn U, Klolber R ,Leininger RW, Vimy MJ, Lorscheider FL Whole body imaging of the distribution of mercury released from dental fillings into monkey tissues FASEB J. 4: 325~ 3260; 1990

Vimy MJ, Takahashi Y, Lorscheider FL; Matemal4etal distribution of mercury (203Hg) released from dental amalgam fillings Am J Physiol 1990 Apr 258 R93~R945

Drasch et al; Mercury burdem of human fetal and infant tissues Eur J Pediatr (1994) 153:607~10

Vimy MJ, Hooper DE, King WW, Lorscheider FL Mercury from Maternal 'Silver Tooth Fillings in Sheep and Human Breast Milk Biological Trace Element Research 56:143-152 1997

Rudner et al. Epidemiology of contact dermatitis in Nth. America Arch Derm 108 (4) 53740 1973

Djerrasi.E., Berova.N., The possibilities of allergic reactions from Silver Amalgam restorations Int Dent J 19:4 481488 1969

White.R., Brandt.R., Development of mercury hypersensitivity among dental students. JADA 92: 1204-1207 1976

Miller. E., et al. Prevalence of mercury hypersensitivity in dental students J Dent Res 64:338 Special Abstracts #1472 1985

Brun.R., Epidemiology of contact dermatitis in Geneva Contact Dermatitis 1:214217 1975

Nebenfuher.L, et al. Mercury Allergy in Budapest Contact Dermatitis 10(2): 121-122 1983

World Health Organization, Environmental Health studies. Criteria 118: Inorganic Mercury, Geneva, 1991.

Abraham et al The effect of Dental Amalgam Restorations on blood mercury levels J.Dent Res 198463:1 71-73

Magos L Mercury-blood interaction and mercury uptake by the brain after vapor exposure. Environ Res. 1967:1: 323-337

Heintze.U, Edwardsson.51 Derand.R, and Birkhed.D. Methylation of mercury from dental amalgam and mercuric

chloride by oral streptococci. Scand. J. Dent Res. 91:2 pp 150-152 1983

Cross.J.D, Dale.l.M, Gooivard.L, Lenihan.J.M.A, Smith.H. Letter, Lancet 2: 8084 pp 312-313 1978 Racz.W.J, and Vanderwater.J.S. Perspectives on the central nervous system toxicity of methylmercury.

Can.J.Physiol & Pharm. 60: pp 1037-1045 1982

SibleTud R.L 'Relationship between mercury from dental amalgams and oral heaith'Ann Dent 1990; 49(2): 6-10

Lindquist. B., Momstad.H. Effects of removing amalgam fillings from patients with diseases affecting the immune system, Medical Science Research 24: 1996

Bratel J, Hakeberg M, Jontell Effect of replacement of dental amalgam on oral lichenoid reactions. J Dent 1996 Jan:24(1-2):4145

Finne K, Goransson K, Winckler L Oral lichen planus and contact allergy to mercury. Int J Oral Surg 1982 Aug;11(4):23~239

Henriksson E, Mattsson U, Hakansson J Healing of lichenoid reactions following removal of amalgam. A clinical follow-up.

J Clin Periodontol 1995 Apr;22(4):287-294

lbbotson SH, Speight EL, Macleod RI, Smart ER, Lawrence CM The relevance and effect of amalgam replacement in subjects with oral lichenoid reactions. Br J Dermatol 1996 Mar;134(3):420423

James J, Ferguson MM, Forsyth A, Tulloch N, Lamey PJ Oral lichenoid reactions related to mercury sensitivity.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1987 Dec; 25(6):474480

Jameson MW, Kardos TB, Kirk EE, Ferguson MM Mucosal reactions to amalgam restorations. J Oral Rehabil 1990 Jul; 1 7(4):29~301

Koch P, Bahmer FA Oral lichenoid lesions, Hg hypersensitivity and combined hypersensitivity to mercury and other metals:

histologically-proven reproduction of the reaction by patch testing with metal salts. Contact Dermatitis 1995 Nov;33(5):323-328 Lind P0, Hurien B, Stromme Koppang H Electrogalvanically4nduced contact allergy of the oral mucosa. Report of a case

Int J Oral Surg 1984 Aug;13(4):33~345

Lind P0, Hurien B, Lyberg T, Aas E Amalgam-related oral lichenoid reaction. Scand J Dent Res 1986 Oct;94(5):448451 Pang BK, Freeman S Oral lichenoid lesions caused by allergy to mercury in amalgam fillings. Contact Dermafitis 1995

Dec; 33(6):423427

Skoglund A, Egelrud T Hypersensitivity reactions to dental materials in patients with lichenoid oral mucosal lesions and in patients with buming mouth syndrome. Scand J Dent Res 1991 Aug;99(4):320-328

Smart ER, Macleod RI, Lawrence CM Resolution of lichen planus following removal of amalgam restorations in patients with proven allergy to mercury salts: a pilot study. Br Dent J 1995 Feb 11;178(3):108-112

Stejskal VD, Forsbeck M, Cederbrant KE, Asteman 0 Mercury-specific lymphocytes: an indication of mercury allergy in man. J Clin Immunol 1996 Jan;16(1):3140

Arvidson B, Arvidsson J, Johansson K Mercury deposits in neurons of the trigeminal gang ha after insertion of dental amalgam in rats Biometals 1994 Jul 7(3): 261-263

Langworth S. Stromberg R. A case of high mercury exposure from dental amalgams Eur J Oral Sc 1996:104: 320-321

Summers AO, et al. Mercury released from dental "silve~' fillings provokes an increase in mercury and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in oral and intestinal floras of primates. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1993 Apr; 37(4):825-834

Siblerud RL The relationship between mercury from dental amalgam and the cardiovascular system. Sci Total Environ 1990 Dec

1 ;99(1-2):23-35

Siblerud RL, Kienholz E Evidence that mercury from silver dental fillings may be an etiological factor in multiple sclerosis. Sc Totat Environ 1994 Mar 15;142(3):191-205

Siblerud RL The relationship between mercury from dental amalgam and mental health. Am J Psychother 1989 Oct;43(4):575-587

Siblerud RL, Kienholz E, Moti J Evidence that mercury from silver dental fillings may be an etiological factor in smoking. Toxicol Left 1993 Jun;68(3):307-310

Hultman P, Johansson U, Turley SJ, Lindh U, Enestrom S, Pollard KM Adverse immunological effects and autoimmunity induced by dental amalgam and alloy in mice. FASEB J 1994 Nov;8(14):1183-1190

Boyd ND, Benediktsson H, Vimy MJ, Hooper DE, Lorscheider FL Mercury from dental "silver' tooth fillings impairs sheep kidney function. Am J Physiol 1991 Oct;261(4 Pt 2):R101~R1014

Lorscheider FL, Vimy MJ, Summers AO, Zwiers H The dental amalgam mercury controversy-inorganic mercury and the CNS; genetic linkage of mercury and antibiotic resistances in intestinal bacteria. Toxicology 1995 Mar 31:97(1-3):19-22

Duhr,E; Pendergrass,C; Kasarkis,E; Slevin,J; Haley, B; Hg2+ Induces GTP-Tubulin Interactions in Rat Brain Similar to those observed in Alzheimers Disease. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB). 75th Annual Meeting. Atlanta, Georgia. 21-25 April 1991. Abstract 493

Ehmann.W.D., et al. Neurotoxicology. 7:197-206 1986

Ehmann.W.D., et al. Biol Trace Elem Res. 13:19-33 1987

Wenstrup,D; Ehmann,WD; Markesbury,WR: Trace Elements in isolated Subcellular Fractions of Alzheimer's Disease Brains. Brain Research. 553:125-311990

Freden.H, Hellden.L, Milleding.P. Mercury Content in gingival tissues adjacent to amalgam fillings. Odont. Rev. 25: 207-210 1974

Trakhtenberg.l.M. Chronic Effects of Mercury on organisms. U.S. DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 74A73 pp 49-50

Langolf.G., Smith.P., Henderson.R., Whittle. H. Measurements of neurological Functions in the Evaluation of exposure to

Neurotoxic agents. Ann. of Occup. Hygiene 24, 3, pp 293-296 1981

Fisher.D. et al. A 4yr followup study of alveolar bone height influenced by 2 dissimilar class 2 amalgam restorations. J.Oral Rehab. 11:4 pp 399405 1984

Bergenholtz.A Muitiple polypous hyperplasias of the oral mucosa with regression after removal of amalgam fillings. Acta Odont Scand. 23: pp 111-131 1965

Thomson.J, and Russell.J. Dermatitis due to Mercury following Amalgam Dental Restorations. Br. J.Derm. 82: pp 292-297 1970 Mobacken.H, Hersle.K, Sloberg.K, and Thilander.H. Oral lichen planus: hypersensitivity to dental restoration material.

Contact Dermatitis. 10: pp 11-15 1984

White. R, and Brandt.R.L Development of mercury hypersensitivity among dental students. JADA 92: pp 1204-1207

l976Miller. E.G., Perry.W.L., Wagner.M.J. Prevalence of mercury hypersensitivity in dental students. J.DentRes 64:338 Special issue abstracts #1472, March 1985

Kuntz.W.D, Pitkin.R.M, Bostrom.AW, Hughes.M.S. Maternal and cord blood background mercury levels: a longtitudinal surveillance. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 143: pp 44OA43 1982

Nixon.G.S, Helsby.C.A. Gordon.H, Hylten.~.E, Renson. C. E. Pregnancy outcome in female dentists. B. D.J. 146: pp 3942 1979 Pitkin.R.M., Bahns.J.A., Filer.L.J., Reynolds.W.A. Mercury in Human Maternal and Cord Blood, Placenta and Milk.

Proceedings of the society for experimental Biology and Medicine. 151 pp 56~567 1976

Mansour.M., Dyer.N. Hoffman. L., Schulert.A.,Brill.B. Maternal-Fetal transfer of Organic Mercury via Placenta and milk. Env. Res. 6: pp 479484 1973

Shapiro.l.M, Uzzell.B, SumnerA, Spitz. L, Ship.l.l, Bloch.P. Mercury accumulation and health deficits in dentists.

paper presented at the International Conference on Mercury Hazards in Dental Practice. Glasgow, Scotland. Sept.1981 Heintze.U, Edwardsson.S, Derand.R, and Birkhed.D. Methylation of mercury from dental amalgam and mercuric

chloride by oral streptococci. Scand. J. Dent. Res. 91:2 pp 15~152 1983

Chang.L.W. Neurotoxic effects of mercury. Environ.Res. 14: pp 32~373 1977

Koller.L Immunosuppression produced by Lead, Cadmium, and Mercury Am.J.Vet.Res. 34:11 pp 1457-1458 1973

Adams.C.R, Ziegler. D. K, Lin.J.T. Mercury intoxication simulating amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J.Am.Med.Assoc. 250:5 pp 642~43 1983

Vimy.M.J., Lorscheider. F. L. Serial measurements of lntraoral Air Mercury: Estimation of daily dose from dental amalgams. J.Dent.Res. 64 (8) pp1072-1075 1985103.

Malamud.D., Dietrich.S.A., Shapiro. l.M. Low levels of Mercury inhibit the respiratory burst in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications 128(3) pp i14~1151 1985105.

Varshaeve et al. Genetic damage induced by occupational low mercury exposure. Environ. Research 12 pp 306-316 1976

Wolff. M. et al. Mercury toxicity from dental amalgam. Neurotoxicology (4) pp 203 1983

Ahlbom.A., Norell.S., Nylander.M., Rodvall.Y. Dentists, Nurses and Brain Tumours. 4th International Symposium Epidemiology Occupational Heaith Como, Italy, 10-12 September 1985 (Abstracts)

Symington.l.S., Cross.J.D., Dale.l.M., Lenihan.J.A. Mercury poisoning in Dentists. J. Soc. Occup. Med. 30 pp 37-39 1980

Koos.B.J, and Longo.L.D. Mercury toxicity in the pregnant woman, fetus, and newborn infant Am.Jnl. of ObstetGynecol. 126:3 39OA09 1976

ASOMAT Contacts:

President Dr. Reman Lohyn B.D.S. 8/175 Collins Street, Melbourne ph: (03) 9650-1660 Fax: (03) 9650-8161

Secretary Dr. Robert Gammal B.D.Sc 102/222 Piu Street, Sydney ph: (02) 9264-5195 Fax: (02) 9283-2230



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